Beppo Occhialini in Brazil between Physics and Politics

Sep 8, 2020, 3:00 PM
25m

Speaker

Dr Gariboldi, Leonardo (Università degli Studi di Milano, Dipartimento di Fisica "Aldo Pontremoli")

Description

The aim of this work is to offer an analysis of the documents kept in Italian and Brazilian archives on Occhialini’s activity in Brazil in the late 1930’s. Occhialini went to São Paulo to help Gleb Wataghin in creating a new Physics team. Due to Brazil’s geomagnetic location and the scarcity of funds, they chose cosmic ray physics as the main subject of research. We shall analyse Occhialini’s main activities of research and his contribution to the international conference on cosmic rays held in Rio de Janeiro. As for the political context of the time, we shall show Occhialini’s activity in helping people living under European regimes, in particular the role he played in the Houtermans affair.

Bibliografia
Amaldi E. The adventurous life of Friedrich Georg Houtermans, physicist (1903-1966) in Battimelli G. et al. (eds.) A Selection of Historical Writings by Edoardo Amaldi (World Scientific Publishing, 1998): 592-695.
Amato N. et alii. Cesar Lattes 70 Anos: A Nova Física Brasileira (CBPF, 1994).
Belloni L. Un fisico europeo: Houtermans, Quaderni di Storia della Fisica 9 (2001): 17-38.
Freire Jr. O, Silva I. Diplomacia e ciência no contexto da Segunda Guerra Mundial: a viagem de Arthur Compton ao Brasil em 1941, Revista Brasileira de História, 34, 67 (2014): 181-201.
Gariboldi L. Occhialini’s scientific production between the two English periods in Redondi P. et alii (eds.) The Scientific Legacy of Beppo Occhialini (Springer, 2006): 71-77.
Ribeiro de Andrade A.M. Occhialini’s trajectory in Latin America in Redondi P. et alii (eds.) The Scientific Legacy of Beppo Occhialini (Springer, 2006): 51-69.
Shifman M. Standing together in troubled times: unpublished letters by Pauli, Einstein, Franck and others (World Scientific Publishing, 2017).
Silva L.V.S. A missão italiana da Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras da Universidade de São Paulo: ciência, educação e fascismo (1934-1924) (tesi di master in filosofia, Universidade de São Paulo, 2015).

Primary authors

Dr Gariboldi, Leonardo (Università degli Studi di Milano, Dipartimento di Fisica "Aldo Pontremoli") Mr Verzeroli, Mattia (Università degli Studi di Pavia)

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