Nov 20 – 23, 2023
Villa Galileo
Europe/Rome timezone

Parameter Estimation for Open Clusters using an Artificial Neural Network with a QuadTree-based Feature Extractor

Nov 20, 2023, 2:35 PM
Villa Galileo

Villa Galileo

Via del Pian dei Giullari, 42 Firenze
Session 1 Cluster demography


Lorenzo Cavallo (Università degli Studi di Padova)


With the unprecedented increase of known star clusters, quick and modern tools are needed for their analysis. In this work, we develop an artificial neural network trained on synthetic clusters to estimate the age, metallicity, extinction, and distance of Gaia open clusters. We implement a novel technique to extract features from the colour-magnitude diagram of clusters by means of the QuadTree tool and we adopt a multi-band approach. We obtain reliable parameters for ~5400 clusters. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our methodology in accurately determining crucial parameters of Gaia open clusters by performing a comprehensive scientific validation. In particular, with the parameters produced by our neural network, we obtain a Galactic metallicity gradient in agreement with the observed ones thus it demonstrates that our method reliably extracts information on metallicity from color-magnitude diagrams (CMDs) of stellar clusters. For the sample of clusters studied, we find an intriguing systematic older age compared to previous analyses present in the literature. This work introduces a novel approach to feature extraction using a QuadTree algorithm, effectively tracing sequences in CMDs despite photometric errors and outliers. The adoption of ANNs, rather than Convolutional Neural Networks, maintains the full positional information and improves performance, while also demonstrating the potential for deriving clusters' parameters from simultaneous analysis of multiple photometric bands, beneficial for upcoming telescopes like the Vera Rubin Observatory. The implementation of ANN tools with robust isochrone fit techniques could provide further improvements in the quest for open clusters' parameters.

Primary author

Lorenzo Cavallo (Università degli Studi di Padova)


Lorenzo Spina (Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica (INAF)) Giovanni Carraro (Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Universitta' di Padova) Laura Magrini (Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica (INAF)) Eloisa Poggio (CNRS - Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur / INAF - Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino) Tristan Cantat-Gaudin (MPIA Heidelberg) Sara Lucatello (Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica (INAF))

Presentation materials